COVID-19 Legal FAQs for Renters in
This page has local legal information on residential (not commercial) renters’ issues during the COVID-19 pandemic. It is not legal advice, and you should check with your local legal aid and courts for current information. Your local city or county may have additional protections for renters.
This page was last updated on August 31, 2020. It was reviewed by our volunteer attorney experts.
Its information is taken from these sources:Princeton Eviction Lab's COVID Policy ScorecardsColumbia Law School COVID-19 Eviction Moratoria analysisEnergy and Policy Institute Utility Disconnect TrackerGovernor's order on evictionsArizona court guidanceArizona Law HelpGovernor's power shutoff announcement
- Are there any eviction protections for Arizona renters during COVID-19?
Yes, Arizona Governor Doug Ducey ordered a statewide delay on the enforcement of eviction actions, if you provide your landlord with a written notice of your COVID-19 hardship or health problems. It went into effect on March 24, 2020 and may end on October 31, 2020.
This date may be extended, check here for updates.
Arizona renters may also have U.S. national protections against eviction that last through December 31, 2020. Check here below to see if you are eligible for them.
- What do the eviction protections mean for Arizona renters?
The protections means that through October 31, 2020 in Arizona:
- Your landlord could still give you a notice to pay your rent or quit.
- Your landlord could still file an eviction claim in court against you.
- Hearings on eviction are still happening in some parts of the state, and the court may still hear an eviction case against you.
- The court may issue a new order, judgment, or writ of eviction against you.
- Law enforcement cannot enforce an existing eviction order to remove you from your home (until July 22nd), if you have provided your landlord with written notice of a COVID-19 hardship or health issue. If your landlord has an order compelling the enforcement of an eviction order (or writ), you should respond to any motion to compel. Reach out to legal help for assistance with this.
Arizona renters may be protected from eviction through December 31, 2020, through the national CDC Eviction Moratorium. Check here to see if you are protected.
- Do I still have to pay rent during COVID-19 in Arizona?
Yes, Arizona renters still need to pay rent during the emergency.
Also check with your local city or county government to see if they give renters any additional protections if they are struggling to pay rent during the emergency.
If you cannot pay rent, take steps to protect yourself:
- Communicate with your landlord: Send a written letter or email to your landlord as soon as possible. Explain why you cannot pay the rent because of COVID-19 hardships. You can also try to negotiate with your landlord to make a payment plan or get a temporary rent reduction. You can use this draft letter you can use from the Arizona courts.
- Get written records of all communication: Keep copies of any letter or email you send, and any responses from the landlord. Keep receipts for any payments you make. If you make a payment plan or rent agreement, make sure to get it in writing.
- Keep proof of COVID-19's impact on you: Collect documents about your COVID-19-related employment problems, health care issues, or other issues that affect your ability to pay rent. This includes letters from your employer, doctor, insurance provider, child care provider, schools, etc.
- Check for help: If you need financial assistance for housing costs, you may be able to get help.
- Can my landlord evict me during COVID-19 in Arizona?
Arizona renters cannot be evicted from their homes if they have provided notice of a COVID-19 hardship or health issue, through October 31.
The Governor's order protects some people from being removed from their homes, if they have:
- Suffered a substantial loss of income due to COVID-19 (job loss, reduction in pay, closure of employment, obligation to care for children, etc.)
- A medical professional's order to quarantine because of diagnosis with the virus or symptoms of it;
- A health condition that makes them more at risk of catching the virus than the average person
The renter must have documentation of these circumstances and show them to their landlord, in order to be protected against eviction. You can use this sample letter to inform your landlord.
Once the emergency period ends, law enforcement can begin to enforce evictions against renters once again.
- You may also have U.S. national protections against eviction that last through December 31, 2020. Check here below to see if you are eligible for them.
If you receive a notice to quit from your landlord, or an eviction lawsuit, reach out for legal help.
- Can my utilities be shut off during COVID-19 in Arizona?
During the emergency, Arizona renters are protected from utility shutoffs and late fee charges if they cannot pay their utility bill. They still are responsible for paying their bills during the emergency.
Governor Ducey and the power companies announced on March 26, 2020 that no customer will have power to their home shut off during the emergency, based on an inability to pay.
Also, the power companies will not be allowed to charge any penalties, late fees, or interest for unpaid utility bills during the emergency.
Landlords are never allowed to shut off a renter's utilities in an attempt to force the renter out. This is illegal. Reach out to a lawyer for help if this happens to you.
- Are you eligible for eviction protections under the CDC Eviction Moratorium?
What is the CDC Eviction Moratorium?
The CDC Eviction Moratorium orders that renters should be protected from eviction if they are unable to pay their rent due to hardships like job loss, income loss, or medical expenses. This protection lasts from September 4, 2020 through December 31, 2020.
The CDC Eviction Moratorium is not automatic protection against eviction. Renters need to fill in a Declaration document and give it to their landlord to get the protection.
Landlords may still try to file an eviction lawsuit against renters, but renters can use the moratorium to defend themselves in court.
Do you qualify for protection under the CDC Eviction Moratorium?
The CDC Eviction Moratorium applies to people who:
- Rent a home in the United States; AND
- Make less than $99,000 (or $198,000 if you file a joint tax return); AND
- Are facing eviction based on nonpayment of rent (not for other problems, like lease violations or criminal activity); AND
- Can show they’re unable to pay rent because they’ve had a financial hardship, like losing a job, decrease in income, or medical bills; AND
- Can show that they’ve been trying their hardest to pay their rent and find any rental assistance; AND
- Can show that they’re at risk of homelessness if they were to be evicted.
If you live in a state, county, or city that has an eviction moratorium, the CDC Eviction Moratorium doesn’t replace this local one. It adds on top of your local protections.
What does the CDC Eviction Moratorium get you?
The CDC Eviction moratorium can stop an eviction proceeding against you. It could stop your landlord from removing you from your home, or from a court giving your landlord an eviction order through Dec. 31, 2020.
- If your landlord has already started an eviction lawsuit against you, you can use the CDC Eviction Moratorium as a defense in court.
- You can use the Declaration form to tell your landlord that you are protected from eviction, and to ask the court to stop the eviction.
- You must follow the process below to be protected by the CDC Eviction Moratorium.
The CDC Eviction Moratorium does NOT get you rent relief:
- Even if you fill in the Declaration, this does not cancel rent that you owe, or stop rent or late fees from building up.
- After the CDC Moratorium expires on Dec. 31, 2020, you may be evicted for the rent that you owe.
The CDC Eviction Moratorium may NOT stop a landlord from suing you:
- Even after you fill in the Declaration and send it to your landlord, they might still file an eviction lawsuit against you.
- You can bring the Declaration to the court eviction hearing, to ask the court to stop the eviction.
- Call a local lawyer for help if your landlord sues you for eviction.
How do you use the CDC Eviction Moratorium to protect yourself?
To secure CDC Eviction Moratorium protection, follow these steps:
- Apply for rental assistance. Look for any rental and utility assistance in your area, and submit applications to these programs. Find local assistance programs here.
- Fill out Declarations. You and every adult in the household need to fill out a Declaration about your financial hardships and your attempts to get assistance. In the Declaration, you must say that you are telling the truth and that you may face legal consequences if you are lying. You can use this guide for help with the Declaration.
- Send the Declarations to your landlord, and also tell the landlord that you will do your best to pay when you can. Keep a copy of the Declarations, as well as any receipt or documentation that you have sent it to your landlord (like email receipt or screenshots of the message). These can be useful evidence that you followed the process correctly.
- Protections through Dec. 31st. After you send this, your landlord cannot remove you from your home for nonpayment of rent through December 31, 2020. They are also never allowed to harass or intimidate you, or force you to leave the home without a court order.
- If your landlord has filed an eviction lawsuit against you, you can bring your Declarations to the court to ask them to stop the lawsuit. Contact a legal aid lawyer to help you with the lawsuit. Please note: Your landlord can still evict you for reasons other than nonpayment of rent, like for engaging in criminal activity in the home, violating building codes or health ordinances, or threatening the health and safety of other residents.
- You will continue to owe your rent. Try to make a plan about how you will take care of all the rent you owe. At the end of the Eviction Moratorium protections on Dec. 31, 2020, you will no longer be protected from being evicted.
- Make sure you know your lease and its terms. Some landlords may try to evict you based on violations of the terms in your lease. If you know your lease, you can protect yourself by making sure you do not break any of its terms.
If your landlord is trying to evict you, you should contact a legal aid attorney who helps with evictions. The CDC Eviction Moratorium might give you protections that lawyers can help you with.