COVID-19 Legal FAQs for Renters in
This page has local legal information on residential (not commercial) renters’ issues during the COVID-19 pandemic. It is not legal advice, and you should check with your local legal aid and courts for current information. Your local city or county may have additional protections for renters.
This page was last updated on July 7, 2020. It was reviewed by our volunteer attorney experts.
Its information is taken from these sources:Princeton Eviction Lab's COVID Policy ScorecardsColumbia Law School COVID-19 Eviction Moratoria analysisEnergy and Policy Institute Utility Disconnect TrackerSouth Carolina utilities orderSouth Carolina Supreme Court order
- Are there any special protections for renters during the emergency? How long do they last?
The South Carolina Supreme Court ordered that no evictions could occur until May 15, 2020. Eviction proceedings have since resumed.
The South Carolina Chief Justice also is now requiring landlords who want to file an eviction lawsuit to certify that the property is not covered by the CARES Act's eviction protections. (See more about the CARES Act's US national protections below).
- South Carolina renters may also be eligible for national protections that last through July 2020, check here below to see if you are.
- What do the protections mean for renters?
The protections means that up until May 15, 2020 in South Carolina:
- Your landlord could still give you a notice to quit.
- Your landlord could only file an eviction case in court against you if the case involved essential services (like with running water, heat, hot water, electricity, or plumbing) or if there were allegations of harm to persons or property.
- Hearings on eviction were suspended.
- The court could not issue a new order, judgment, or writ of ejectment against you.
- An existing eviction order could not be enforced against you. Set outs were halted during the emergency.
- Do I still have to pay rent during the emergency?
Yes, South Carolina renters still need to pay rent during the emergency.
Also check with your local city or county government to see if they give renters any additional protections if they are struggling to pay rent during the emergency.
If you cannot pay rent, take steps to protect yourself:
- Communicate with your landlord: Send a written letter or email to your landlord as soon as possible. Explain why you cannot pay the rent because of COVID-19 impact. You can also try to negotiate with your landlord to make a payment plan or get a temporary rent reduction. Get help here for drafting and mailing a letter to your landlord. You can also use this letter-writing tool here.
- Get written records of all communication: Keep copies of any letter or email you send, and any responses from the landlord. Keep receipts for any payments you make. If you make a payment plan or rent agreement, make sure to get it in writing.
- Keep proof of COVID-19's impact on you: Collect documents about your COVID-19-related employment problems, health care issues, or other issues that affect your ability to pay rent. This includes letters from your employer, doctor, insurance provider, child care provider, schools, etc.
- Check for help: If you need financial assistance for housing costs, you may be able to get help.
- Can my landlord evict me during the emergency?
Most South Carolina renters could not be evicted during the emergency period through May 15, unless there were issues around essential services (like running water, heat, hot water, electricity, plumbing, or sewer system) or allegations of harm to persons or property.
After May 15, 2020, courts began to allow eviction proceedings against renters to begin once again. Landlords who want to file a new eviction lawsuit must certify with the court that the national CARES Act does not apply to the property.
- You may be eligible for national protections against eviction that last through July 2020, check here below to see.
If you receive a notice to quit from your landlord, or an eviction lawsuit, reach out for legal help.
- Can my utilities be shut off during the emergency?
Your utilities cannot be suspended during the emergency period in South Carolina.
Renters must still pay their utility bills. If you need financial assistance for utility costs, you may be able to get help.
Landlords are never allowed to shut off a renter's utilities in an attempt to force the renter out. This is illegal. Reach out to a lawyer for help if this happens to you.
- Are you eligible for U.S. national protections against eviction?
Renters in 3 categories have special national protections against being evicted during the Emergency Period of March 27, 2020 to July 24 or 25, 2020. These national protections add onto any state and local protections you have.
Do you fit in any of these 3 categories?Your home’s owner has a federally backed mortgage loan or other guarantee (like through Freddie Mac or Fannie Mae). Search if your home is covered.You pay rent through a federal assistance program like the Section 8 Housing Choice Voucher, Rural Development Voucher, or other 'covered housing' program.You live in Public Housing, where the government is your landlord.
If you are a renter in one of these 3 categories, the federal CARES Act section 4024 gives you these protections. (Remember, these protections add onto any state and local protections you have)
- Your landlord cannot file a new eviction lawsuit against you for not paying your rent during the Emergency Period. They can still evict you for other behavior, like drug abuse, other criminal activities, or other lease violations.
- Your landlord cannot charge you new fees or penalties for not paying your rent during the Emergency Period.
- After the Emergency Period ends, your landlord may not be able to evict you immediately.(Different states interpret the protections ending on July 24 or 25. Check with local lawyers to see about your state). If you have not paid your rent in full during the Emergency Period, your landlord must wait until the period ends before giving you a notice to vacate. For example, they may give you a notice on July 26, and you must be allowed until at least August 25 to leave the property.